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pressure oxidation refractory gold

PRESSURE OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD ORES: THE

Pressure Oxidation Pressure oxidation is employed to liberate gold and silver in refractory sulfide concentrates often and ores. The main pressure oxidation products from iron sulfide minerals are sulfuric acid (and metal sulfates) and hematite. Depending on the conditions within the autoclave, acid containing iron compounds can be formed.

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Pressure Oxidation Pretreatment of Refractory Gold ...

高达10%返现  Feb 01, 1984  Pressure oxidation of gold containing concentrates and ores is an effective pretreatment for liberating refractory gold. This is particularly true when an appreciable portion of the gold is associated with sulfides and is not amenable to conventional cyanidation. A brief review of the literature on pressure oxidation of refractory gold

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(PDF) Pressure oxidation of double refractory gold ...

Santa Fe Pacific Gold Corp. conducted pressure-oxidation pilot plant studies on refractory carbonaceous gold ores from the Twin Creeks Mine in Nevada. The tests were conducted at Hazen Research ...

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PRESSURE OXIDATION OF PYRITE-ARSENOPYRITE

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate 105 350 kPa, 15%) or increased very slowly (test 3, 165°C, 1050 kPa, 5%). At higher tem-perature and oxygen pressure the oxygen consumption was more rapid and reached a steady level in 55–60 minutes (test 9 I, 195°C, 700 kPa, 10%). At highest temperature

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Pressure Oxidation of a Refractory Sulfide Concentrate

Aug 11, 2018  Pressure oxidation of the refractory sulfide/carbonaceous ores has gained world-wide acceptance. Compared with roasting, pressure oxidation yields higher gold extractions from ores or concentrates and enables better handling of environmentally sensitive impurities. Normally, gold is extracted from neutralized autoclave leach residue by cyanidation.

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Pressure oxidation overview - ScienceDirect

Jan 01, 2005  The utilization of a pressure-oxidation circuit to treat refractory gold ores or concentrates is a complex decision, taking into consideration capital costs, operating costs, gold recovery, and environmental impacts. The payback and internal rate of return (IRR) has to be evaluated in the decision for selecting the process.

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Pressure oxidation - Wikipedia

Pressure Oxidation is a process for extracting gold from refractory ore.. The most common refractory ores are pyrite and arsenopyrite, which are sulfide ores that trap the gold within them.Refractory ores require pre-treatment before the gold can be adequately extracted. The pressure oxidation process is used to prepare such ores for conventional gold extraction

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Refractory Gold Ore Treatment Methods

Jul 14, 2016  Pressure oxidation (POX) remains a further option for the oxidation of refractory sulfides. Several projects have been recently constructed: the Killita Project in Finland, the Amursk Project in Russia, the Pueblo Viejo Project in the Dominican Republic, and the MOPU expansion at Lihir.

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PRESSURE OXIDATION OF PYRITE-ARSENOPYRITE

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate 105 350 kPa, 15%) or increased very slowly (test 3, 165°C, 1050 kPa, 5%). At higher tem-perature and oxygen pressure the oxygen consumption was more rapid and reached a steady level in 55–60 minutes (test 9 I, 195°C, 700 kPa, 10%). At highest temperature

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pressure oxidation refractory gold - Hitlers Hollywood

pressure oxidation refractory gold. Pressure Oxidation Pressure oxidation is employed to liberate gold and silver in refractory sulfide concentrates often and ores The main pressure oxidation products from iron sulfide minerals are sulfuric acid and metal sulfates and hematite Depending on the conditions within the autoclave acid containing iron compounds can be formed

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Pressure oxidation overview - ScienceDirect

Jan 01, 2005  The utilization of a pressure-oxidation circuit to treat refractory gold ores or concentrates is a complex decision, taking into consideration capital costs, operating costs, gold recovery, and environmental impacts. The payback and internal rate of return (IRR) has to be evaluated in the decision for selecting the process.

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pressure oxidation process flow diagram of gold

Pressure oxidation (POX), high pressure oxidation (HiPOX) and ACTIVOX autoclave leaching are viable industry-standard technologies used to recover gold and other accessory metals. Read more The process is particularly well suited for treating refractory gold ores, which give low recovery when directly leached with cyanide.

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Pressure Oxidation Process - Metso Outotec

Outotec can provide a complete pressure oxidation plant including all auxiliary processes for refractory gold sulfide oxidation. Gold is efficiently released from the sulfide matrix for the subsequent leaching process, whether cyanidation or chloride leaching. The Outotec pressure oxidation main process steps: Carbonate and chloride removal.

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US5851499A - Method for pressure oxidizing gold-bearing ...

Provided is a method for treating refractory gold-bearing ores that have both sulfide material with which the gold is associated and from which the gold is difficult to separate and having organic carbonaceous material having an affinity for at least one of gold and a gold complex. The mineral material is pressure oxidized in the presence of a halogen-containing material in a manner to

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Basic Iron Sulphate in Pressure Oxidation Processing

Pressure oxidation technology was . developed more than 50 years ago for the treatment of base metal concentrates (mainly sphalerite), and was adapted in the 1980’s for the treatment of gold-containing pyrite and arsenopyrite ores and concentrates. The conditions that have evolved for oxidation of refractory gold concentrates

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Refractory Gold Technology

Pressure Oxidation of Refractory Gold Feeds TECHNOLOGY Au V1.FEB25.2019. The Technologies Division of Sherritt is a recognized leader and pioneer in the development and application of pressure hydrometallurgy. In addition to supporting Sherritt’s existing business units, the division provides

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Research on chlorination leaching of pressure-oxidized ...

As a result, the optimum conditions of the chlorination leaching for the refractory gold concentrate pretreated by pressure oxidation are as follows: 4 of pH, above 1.0 V of the redox potential, 75 g/L of the NaCl concentration, 40 °C of the reaction temperature, 3:1 of the liquid-solid ratio and 2 h of the leaching time.

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Characterization of ferric arsenate-sulfate compounds ...

Gold extraction from refractory gold ores 70 requires a pre-treatment process such as roasting, pressure oxidation or bacterial 71 oxidation to destroy the host sulfide so that the gold is liberated and made available for 72 cyanide leaching. Roasting and pressure oxidation are the most commonly used pre-73 treatment technologies.

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Sun High Pressure Oxidation Of Refractory Gold Minerals

Ore Gold Oxidation Lijmbeekstraat. Pressure oxidation was developed for processing refractory ores where gold is occluded in the sulfide minerals typically pyrite or arsenopyrite Oxidation of the sulfides at elevated temperatures and pressures liberates the gold allowing it to be economically recovered by conventional circuits. Learn More.

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Gold extraction - Wikipedia

Pressure oxidation; Albion process; The refractory ore treatment processes may be preceded by concentration (usually sulfide flotation). Roasting is used to oxidize both the sulfur and organic carbon at high temperatures using air and/or oxygen. Bio-oxidation involves the use of bacteria that promote oxidation reactions in an aqueous environment.

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Gold recovery from refractory gold concentrates by ...

Pressure oxidation technology for the treatment of refractory gold concentrates has been deployed in some countries. Shuiyindong gold deposit is one of the Carlin-type deposits which is a typical difficult-to-treat gold deposit, located in Guizhou province in western China. It was the first application of acid pressure oxidation in China.

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pressure oxidation process flow diagram of gold

Pressure oxidation (POX), high pressure oxidation (HiPOX) and ACTIVOX autoclave leaching are viable industry-standard technologies used to recover gold and other accessory metals. Read more The process is particularly well suited for treating refractory gold ores, which give low recovery when directly leached with cyanide.

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Process for the recovery of gold from refractory ores by ...

The field of the present invention relates generally to a process for recovering gold or other precious metals from refractory ores by pressure oxidation followed by carbon-in-leach treatment. Gold and other precious metals naturally occur in ores in several different forms and complexes.

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pressure oxidation Archives - International Mining

“Pressure oxidation was selected as the most feasible processing technology for double refractory ores. It is able to achieve gold recoveries of 96% by utilising high temperatures, elevated pressure and oxygen to recover encapsulated gold, while conventional cyanidation methods would result in sub-optimal recovery rates of 20-40%.

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Recovery Refractory Resources - SGS

are driven by the gold recovery rate. The pre-treatment of refractory gold ore should increase the gold recovery rate in the cyanide leach process by 30-40% in order to be economical” “Large operations tend to choose roasting or pressure oxidation, while smaller operations tend to select bacterial leaching,” says Dr Fleming. “Other

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The Leachox™ Refractory Gold Process – The Testing, Design ...

Oxidation . ABSTRACT . The Leachox refractory gold process has to date been applied to the selectivetreatment of several refractory gold ores but on a relatively small scale. In this paper the successful implementation of the process, from initial testing through to commissioning at one of the world’s largest refractory gold mines is described.

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Sun High Pressure Oxidation Of Refractory Gold Minerals

Ore Gold Oxidation Lijmbeekstraat. Pressure oxidation was developed for processing refractory ores where gold is occluded in the sulfide minerals typically pyrite or arsenopyrite Oxidation of the sulfides at elevated temperatures and pressures liberates the gold allowing it to be economically recovered by conventional circuits. Learn More.

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Research on chlorination leaching of pressure-oxidized ...

As a result, the optimum conditions of the chlorination leaching for the refractory gold concentrate pretreated by pressure oxidation are as follows: 4 of pH, above 1.0 V of the redox potential, 75 g/L of the NaCl concentration, 40 °C of the reaction temperature, 3:1

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Mercury Removal from Pressure Oxidation Vent Gas at Twin ...

Abstract. Hatch Ltd. recently completed a project to substantially reduce mercury emissions from vent gas at Newmont Mining Corporation’s Twin Creeks refractory gold pressure oxidation facility. The objective of the project was to make each of the two autoclave circuits compliant with recent U.S. federal environmental regulation, per docket EPA–HQ–OAR–2010–0239.

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Refractory gold reserves: Challenges and opportunities for ...

Mar 23, 2021  Gold miners are facing a reserves crisis, and what is left in the ground is becoming more and more challenging to process.Refractory gold reserves, which require more sophisticated treatment methods in order to achieve oxide-ore recovery rates, correspond to 24 percent of current gold reserves and 22 percent of gold resources worldwide (Exhibit 1).

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Effect of Pretreatment of Sulfide Refractory Concentrate ...

The majority of the refractory gold and silver occurs in occlusion in sulphides, then precious metal dissolution is possi- ... tures, low pressure and less costly materials of construction than conventional pressure oxidation. In this study, the ef- fect of oxygen pressure, concentration of sodium hypochlorite, temperature, and initial pH, in ...

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Gold recovery from refractory carbonaceous ores by ...

Process for the recovery of gold from refractory ores by pressure oxidation: 1985-11-12: Mason et al. 75/105: 4384889: Simultaneous leaching and cementation of precious metals: 1983-05-24: Wiewiorowski et al. 75/736: 4369061: Recovery of precious metals from difficult ores: 1983-01-18: Kerley, Jr. 75/103: 4269622: Recovery of precious metals ...

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Gold extraction - Wikipedia

Pressure oxidation; Albion process; The refractory ore treatment processes may be preceded by concentration (usually sulfide flotation). Roasting is used to oxidize both the sulfur and organic carbon at high temperatures using air and/or oxygen. Bio-oxidation involves the use of bacteria that promote oxidation reactions in an aqueous environment.

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POX Hub – Petropavlovsk PLC

Pressure oxidation technology is the most efficient and environmentally-friendly technology for processing refractory gold ore and enables the Group to unlock the value embedded within c.5.31Moz of its own refractory reserves (including double-refractory ore), as well as treat 3 rd party refractory material and future potential to exploit high ...

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